An apple a day keeps blood cholesterol away

By Susan Fairbairn

In a world always looking for another superfood it appears granny had it right with the apple a day theory.

Not all apples are created equal and there is a variety, native to Southern Italy—Annurca—that has been proven to have the highest levels of polyphenolic compounds.

One particular compound, procyanidin, has shown an effect on cholesterol metabolism and in particular a study with Granny Smith apple extract resulted in a modest lowering of HDL-C cholesterol levels.

Italian researchers encouraged by the data took a small group and gave some one apple daily and others consumed two small Annurca apples daily.

This old cultivar, Malus pumila Miller cv Annurca is smaller than the usual commercial varieties.

The results were very promising for cholesterol lowering and so gastric resistant capsules at 800mg, were formulated and called AppleMetS and they did another study.

In a months time the impact on LDL-C and HDL-C was …..”An unprecedented result[s] never obtained with any other nutraceutical or drug and could be of clinical relevance in the cardiovascular disease primary prevention.

Further reading: http://www.lucianopignataro.com/articolo.php?pl=4435

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A Healthy Balance of Plasma Cholesterol by a Novel Annurca Apple-Based Nutraceutical Formulation: Results of a Randomized Trial

Gian Carlo Tenore, Domenico Caruso, Giuseppe Buonomo, Maria D’Avino, Pietro Campiglia, Luciana Marinelli, and Ettore Novellino
Journal of Medicinal Food, Vol. 20, No. 3, March 2017: 288-300.
http://online.liebertpub.com/…/pdfpl…/10.1089/jmf.2016.0152…

Photo caption: In Vietnam the gods are offered apples
Credit: Susan Fairbairn

 

This Kale story is different, the first of its kind.

image of the first tropical kale

Image of the first tropical kale

So up in the hot country we love Kale (Kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. virdis L.) because it doesn’t bolt in fact

I’ve never seen it flower not like most of the other brassicas, why because it needs, cool weather, >7 C for 6–8 weeks.

Mr Singh, and colleagues from the ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, in India, however, have discovered a tropical Kale, they say the first in the world, one that flowers, and sets seed in temperatures ranging from 11.8–23.5 C . They named it, ‘VRKALE-1’

Do we care if it seeds? Well consider the ramifications of sterility and you have your answer. More importantly it will allow growers living in remote parts of the world, the ones that can’t pop down to the Yates stand, access to this amazing vegetable.

In his research paper Mr Singh points out that Kale contains as much Vitamin A as carrots. An amount of vitamin C (nearly four times that of oranges and limes), and is a good source of vitamin B complex and minerals.

He quotes others in pointing out that Kale has a higher bio-availability of calcium (Ca) than milk. He also points out that Kale contains compounds called glucosinolates that when broken down (chewed, cut, cooked) create byproducts that protect against prostate and colon cancers. Then there are carotenes and Omega 3 fatty acids. Are you convinced of its super powers now?